Car rim materials include several types of alloys and metal blends. These handle different characteristics for maintenance needs and upsides.
The two main car wheel material selections are;
- Aluminum alloy wheels and
- Steel wheels.
Alloy Wheel Material
Aluminum wheels with alloy wheel material properties are made with a blend of nickel and aluminum.
Most wheels and car rims are made of cast aluminum alloy, which means that they are designed by pouring molten aluminum into the mold.
The alloy wheel material is lightweight but extremely strong and can withstand heat very well.
Generally, it is more attractive compared to steel wheels. It is also available in a variety of finishes and sizes.
Alloy wheel materials are a great choice when it comes to cost, performance, balance, gas mileage, and aesthetics.
Steel Wheels Car
Steel wheels are designed using a combination of carbon and iron. They are heavy but more durable and easy to finish and repair.
Now, because of how they are made, (cutting them out on a press and wielding them together) they usually do not offer aesthetics.
The heavyweight of the steel wheels can dampen their acceleration, fuel efficiency, and agility. However, they provide more resistance to impact.
They are also more resistant to damage from gravel, brakes, and deicers. This, therefore, makes them the most popular car wheel material selection for winter driving, and additionally, they are less expensive compared to aluminum wheels.
Characteristics Of The Two Car Wheel Material Selection
The casting alloy wheel material is divided into a fork pressure or low-pressure manufacturing process and a gravity manufacturing process.
During the gravity manufacturing process, the alloy wheel material ingots are cast into the rims and then stamped from the bottom for the rim model. This process is ideal for large-scale production.
During the fork pressure or low-pressure alloy wheel material manufacturing process, the ingot is converted into aluminum water and then directed into the rim model using a transfer tube that is lifted and pressed.
The wheels are then bought by the auto part shops.
This is used with the steel wheels car. The process involves forging machinery that is used to put pressure on the metal blanks causing plastic deformation.
Forging helps eliminate defects such as cast looseness that is caused by the metal during the smelting process. It also optimizes the microstructure of the steel.
Bonus Car Rim Material
Carbon Fiber Wheels
Carbon fiber rims are a type of car wheel material selection that’s lightweight and high in strength. The cost of these car rim materials is however higher and the configuration is much more common to super sports cars.
There are however some modified car enthusiasts who choose to use this car wheel material selection to equip their cars.
For more on this and any other car rim material information, please don’t hesitate to contact Sam the Hubcap Man Inc. He is your locally owned and operated automotive business owner who’s ready with all the answers.